科號Course Number:09510SOC 577100 學分Credit:3 人數限制Size of Limit:
中文名稱Course Title:科技與社會導論:理論與辯論
英文名稱Course English Title:Introduction to studies of science, technology and society
任課教師Instructor:林文源
上課時間Time:RaRbRc
上課教室Room:人社C203

課程大綱:
科技與社會導論Science, technology and society
課程編號:
授課時間:
授課教師:林文源

**************初步構想,尚未定案*************

一、關於本導論課程:
我將STS研究領域分為兩部分,科技研究(science and technology studies)與科技與社會(science, technology and society)。這種區分方式是以著重在知識形成與其社會關連。這種區分法並非絕對的,而且也不是各自獨立的二分法,只是藉由不同著重點引介STS龐大領域的一種方式。
本次課程的主題是「科技與社會」。然而,作為一門導論課程,我希望能提供同學基本理論觀點的訓練,因此,一開始介紹STS中對科技與社會關係提出重要觀點的討論。由於社會學中的「社會」一向是人的、抽象的社會,存在著制度、關係、規則、意識、結構等等抽象運作法則,因此,在這些基本理論取徑中,除了討論其論點,我們要特別著重探討STS的構想中的科技與社會的關連。

二、課程目標:
(一)帶領同學熟悉關於STS的重要議題。
(二)讓同學掌握各理論典範的關鍵議題。
(三)讓同學理解重要理論典範的彼此關連。
(四)讓同學熟悉當前STS的發展趨勢。
三、課程設計與要求
(一)閱讀:本課程劃除導論外,每週均有指定閱讀。此外,每單元並提供該領域文獻回顧文章,或一些經典研究,以供進階閱讀參考。同學需事先閱讀,並準備問題。
(二)講解與討論:每堂上課前,每位同學必須先提出對讀本的看法與心得。教師上課時會對閱讀材料進行背景與內容講解,同學必須參與討論。
(三)課堂報告:每個同學均需要閱讀上課指定文獻,但每次上課由一位同學準備報告。旁聽同學有義務分擔課堂報告責任。
(四)考核:課堂表現、課堂口頭報告、期中報告與期末報告。
同學需交一次期中小報告,每次報告選擇某個主題,閱讀至少三篇相關的文獻,交一份三千字review作為期中報告。若能運用更多論點與文獻,進行critical review則更好。期末報告將提供問題,請同學選擇,做為報告主題,報告為一萬到一萬五千字。評分標準課堂表現(討論、報告)佔30%, 期中報告20%,期末報告50%。
四、課程進度:
第一週 主題:導論
同學自我介紹研究興趣,教師介紹課程。
第二週 主題:Sociology of Science: Structural-functionalism
指定閱讀:
Merton, R. (1973). The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

參考閱讀:
Merton, Robert K. 1972. "The Institutional Imperatives of Science." in Sociology of Science, edited by Barry Barnes. Middlesex: Penguin.

第三週 主題:History of Science: Thomas Kuhn
指定閱讀:
Kuhn, T. S. (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolution. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
參考閱讀:
Pinch, Trevor J. 1997. "Kuhn- The Conservation and Radical Interpretations: Are Some Mertonians 'Kuhnians' and Some Kuhnians 'Mertonians'?" Social Studies of Science 27:465-482.
Merton, Robert K. 1972. "The Institutional Imperatives of Science." in Sociology of Science, edited by Barry Barnes. Middlesex: Penguin.
Barnes, Barry. 1982. T. S. Kuhn and Social Science. London: Macmillan.


第四週 主題:Edinburgh School: the strong Program
指定閱讀:
Bloor, David. 1991[1976]. Knoweldge and Social Imaginary. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Ch1.

參考閱讀:
Barnes, Barry. 1977. Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

第五週 主題:science, technology and social interests
指定閱讀:
Shapin, S. and S. Scaffer (1985). Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life. Princeton, Princeton University Press. Ch 7, 8
參考閱讀:
Bloor, David. 1991[1976]. Knoweldge and Social Imagery. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Collins, H. M. 1985. Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice. London: Sage.
Collins, Harry M., and Trevor Pinch. 1994. The Golem: what everyone should know about science /. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Galison, Peter. 1999. "Trading Zone: Coordinating Action and Belief." in The Science Studies Reader, edited by Mario Biagioli. London: Routledge.
MacKenzie, Donald. 1981. Statistics in Britain, 1965-1930: The Social Construction of Scientific Knowledge. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

第六週 主題:System approach
指定閱讀:
Hughes, T. P. (1987). The Evolution of Large Technological Systems. The Social Construction of Technological Systems. W. E. Bijker, T. P. Hughes and T. Pinch. The Netherlands, University of Twente: 51-82.
參考閱讀:
Collins, Harry M., and Trevor Pinch. 1994. The Golem: what everyone should know about science /. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Galison, Peter. 1999. "Trading Zone: Coordinating Action and Belief." in The Science Studies Reader, edited by Mario Biagioli. London: Routledge.
Hughes, T. P. (1983). Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society, 1880-1930. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.
MacKenzie, Donald. 1990. Inventing Accuracy: A Historical Sociology of Nuclear Missle Guidance. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
第七週 主題:SCOT
指定閱讀:
Pinch, T. F. and W. E. Bijker (1987). The Social Construction of Facts and Artifacts: Or How the Sociology of Science and the Sociology of Technology Might Benefit Each Other. The Social Construction of Technological Systems. W. E. Bijker, T. P. Hughes and T. Pinch. The Netherlands, University of Twente: 17-50.
參考閱讀:
Bijker, W. (1987). The Social Construction of Bakelite: Toward a Theory of Invention. The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. W. Bijker, T. P. Hughes and A. Pickering. Cambridge, Mass, The MIT Press: 159-187.
Pels, D., K. Hetherington, et al. (2002). "The status of Objects: Performance, Mediations, and Techniques." Theory, Culture and Society 19(5/6).這個專輯內有數篇關於sociality與Materiality的關係的討論。
第八週 主題:ANT: science and technology in action
指定閱讀:
Callon, M. (1999). Some Elements of a Sociology of Translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St. Brieuc Bay. The Science Studies Reader. M. Biagioli. London, Routledge: 67-83.
Callon, M. (1987). Society in the Making: The Study of Technology as a Tool for Sociological Analysis. The Social Construction of Technological Systems. W. Bijker, T. P. Hughes and T. J. Pinch. Cambridge, Mass, The MIT Press: 83-103.

參考閱讀:
Callon, Michel. 1986. "The Sociology of Actor-Network: the Case of the Electric Vehicle." in Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology: Sociology of Science in the Real World, edited by Michel Callon, John Law, and Arie Rip. London: Macumillan.
Latour, Bruno. 1987. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
--. 1983. "Give a Laboratory and I will Raise the World." Pp. 141-170 in Science Observed, edited by Karin D. Knorr Certina and M. J. Mulkay. London: Sage.
Law, John. 1987. "Technology and Heterogeneous Engineering: The Case of Portuguese Expansion." Pp. 111-134 in The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and history of Technology, edited by Weber Bijker, Thomas P. Hughes, and Trevor J. Pinch. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press.

問題:
第九週 主題:post-ANT (?) :
指定閱讀:
Latour, B. (2005). Reassembling the Social. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp.21-62.

參考閱讀:
Bourdieu, Pierre. 2004. Science of Science and Reflexivity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Callon, M. and B. Latour (1986). Unscrewing the Big Leviathan: How Actors Macro-structure Reality and How Sociologists Help Them to Do So? Advances in Social Theory and Methodology: Toward an Integration of Micro- and Macro- Solutions. K. Knorr Certina and A. Cicrourel. London, Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Latour, B. (1999). Pandora's Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science Studies. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard Unity Press.Ch.4
Mol, Annemarie, and John Law. 1994. "Regions, Networks and Fluids: Anaemia and Social Topology." Social Studies of Science 24:641-71
Law, J. 2001. "Situating Technoscience: an Enquiry into Spatiality." Environment and Palnning D: Society and Space 19:609-621.
Law, John. 2002. "Objects and Spaces." Theory, Culture and Society 19:91-105..

第十週 主題:Knowledge, technology and power
指定閱讀:
Rouse, J. (1987). Knowledge and Power: Toward a Political Philosophy of Science. Ithaca and London, Cornell University Press. Ch7

參考閱讀:
Barad, Karen. 2003. "Posthumanist Performativity: Toward an Understanding of How Matter Comes to Matter." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Social Studies 28:801-31.
Butler, Judith. 1993. Bodies That Matter: on the Discursive limits of "Sex". New York and London: Routledge.
—. 1999. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York and London: Routledge.
Pickering, Andrew. 1984. Constructing Quarks: A Sociological History of Particle Physics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rouse, Joseph. 1996. Engaging Science: How to Understand its Practices Philosophically. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Barry, Andrew. 2001. Political Machines. London and New York: The Anthlone Press.
Foucault, Michel. 1979. Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage.
--. 1990. The history of Sexuality, Volume 1: An Introduction. New York: Vintage Books. Foucault, Michel. 1980. "Two Lectures." in Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-77, edited by Colin Gordon. New York: Pantheon Books.
--. 1991. "Question of Method." in The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality, edited by P. Burchell, C. Gordon, and P. Miller. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
--. 1997. "Nietzsche, Geneaology and History." in Michel Foucault: Aesthetics; Essential Works of Foucault 1954-1984, edited by James D. Faubion. London: Penguin.
Latour, Bruno. 1986. "The Power of Association." in Power, Knowledge and Belief, edited by John Law. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Latour, Bruno. 1983. "Give a Laboratory and I will Raise the World." Pp. 141-170 in Science Observed, edited by Karin D. Knorr Certina and M. J. Mulkay. London: Sage.
第十一週 主題:Mediated rationality
指定閱讀:
Berg, M. (1997). Rationalizing Medical Work: Decision-Support Techniques and Medical Practices. Cambridge, Mass., The MIT Press. Ch2

參考閱讀:
Hennion, Antoine. 1995. "The History of Art Lessons in Mediation." Reseaux: the French Journal of Communication 3:233-262.
Latour, Bruno. 1988. Irreductions: Part two of The Pasteurization of France. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.

第十二週 主題:Feminist STS
指定閱讀:
Harding, S. (1991). Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Buckingham, Open University Press. Ch5

參考閱讀:
Harding, Sandra. 1991. Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Ch.5-6.
Haraway, Donna Jeanne. 1991. Simians, Cyborg, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge. Ch. 9. and Ch.8. 先念第九章。
Haraway, Donna J. 1997. Modest_witness@Second_Millennium. FemaleMan_Meets_OncoMouse. New York and London: Routledge.
Harding, Sandra. 1998. Is Science Multi-Culture? Postcolonialisms, Feminisms, and Epistemologies. Indina: Indina University Press.
Braidotti, Rosi. 1994. Nomadic Subjects: Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory. New York: Columbia University Press.
Smith, Dorothy. 1987. The Everyday World as Problematic: A Feminist Sociology. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

第十三週 主題:Technology in use
指定閱讀:
Oudshoorn, N. (2003). Clinical Trials as a Cultural Niche in Which to configure the Gender Identities of Users: The Case of Male Contraceptive Development. How Users Matter: The Co-Construction of Users and Technologies. N. Oudshoorn and T. Pinch. Massachusetts, MIT: 209-228.
Van Oost, E. (2003). Materialized Gender: How Shavers Configure the Users' Femininity and Masculinity. How Users Matter: The Co-Construction of Users and Technologies. N. Oudshoorn and T. Pinch. Massachusetts, MIT: 193-208

參考閱讀:
Becker, Howard. 1967. "Whose Side are We on?" Social Problem 14:239-247.
Becker, Howard, and Irving Louis Horowitz. 1972. "Radical Politics and Sociological Research: Observations on Methodology and Ideology." American Journal of Sociology 78:48-66.
Epstein, Steven. 1995a. "The Construction of Lay Expertise: AIDS Activism and the Forging of Credibility in the Reform of Clinical Trials." Science, technology, and Human Value 20:408-37.
—. 1995b. Impure Science: AIDS activism, and the Politics of Knowledge. Berkeley: University Press of California.
Lock, Margret, Allen Young, and Alberto Cambrosio (Eds.). 2000. Living and Workin with New Medical Technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oudshoorn, Nelly, and Trevor Pinch (Eds.). 2003. How Users Matter. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
第十四週 主題:Cultural studies of science
指定閱讀:
Martin, E. (1994). Flexible Bodies: Tracking Immunity in American Culture-From the Days of Polio to the Age of AIDS. Boston, Beacon Press. P. 45-112


參考閱讀:
Haraway, Donna Jeanne. 1991. Simians, Cyborg, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge.
--. 1997. Modest_witness@Second_Millennium. FemaleMan_Meets_OncoMouse. New York and London: Routledge.
Hess, David J. 1995. Science and Technology in a Multicultural World: the Cultural Politics of Facts and Artifacts. NY: Columbia University Press.
Rouse, Joseph. 1996. Engaging Science: How to Understand its Practices Philosophically. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.最後一章

第十五週 主題:post-colonial STS
指定閱讀:
Harding, S. G. (1998). Is Science Multicultural? Postcolonialisms, Feminisms, and epistemologies. Bloomington, Ind., Indiana University Press. Ch1

參考閱讀:
Anderson, Warwick. 2002. "Postcolonoal Technoscience." Social Studies of Science 32:643-58.
Harding, Sardra G. 1998. Is Science Multicultural? Postcolonialisms, Feminisms, and epistemologies. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press.
Verran, Helen. 2001. Science and an African Logic. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press


第十六週 主題:科技現代性
指定閱讀:
Lei, Hsiang-lin, (1999). "From Changshan to a New Anti-Malarial Drug: Re-Networking Chinese Drugs and Excluding Chinese Doctors." Social Studies of Science 29(3): 323-358.

第十七週 主題:亞細亞的身體與社會
指定閱讀:
傅大為 (2005). 亞細亞的新身體:性別、醫療與台灣. 台北, 群學出版社.
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